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If we assume that the first and most important foundation is the health of the mind, body and emotions, then the first step of awakening should be the training of people, based on communication, in order to achieve a spiritual richness that will enable the understanding of the critical importance of symbiosis, of not only humans, but all creatures.

Technology enables any research and development on a theoretical and practical level and nature offers endless energy for a society of people that will evolve on all levels, through the scientific method, where people will manage the natural resources, through the principles of permaculture in order to align with nature, basing the nutrition on natural farming and eco-building shelters with a low energy impact.

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INTRODUCTION. The great Illusion.

It is a tragic mistake for someone to believe that information related to human health and which is presented below, is either correct or wrong. Knowledge, power and the answers are all within us, within our cells, written on our DNA. No such thing as a “Bible of Health” exists and there is no reason to exclude any specialist or science. Our body, mind and soul do not become ill accidentally and without cause. Instead, WE are the ones who are creating problems, make the wrong choices, cannot construct our future, protect ourselves and act rationally, consciously and with vigor towards the everyday sick situations that WE have caused to ourselves and others with our grumbling, our pessimism, our envy, our unscrupulousness and our greed. Let us at last acknowledge our responsibility for what happens to us. Knowledge, logic and emotion all reside within us. Let’s get to know them at last, let’s get to know ourselves, let’s set healthy goals and let us take decisions with awareness towards what is best for our life, for our fellow human beings and for our environment. Let’s do it for ourselves, really free. OPTIMUM HEALTH is the condition in which the body as a whole and each cell individually are based and equilibrate on three stable, strong and unshakable foundations of health, a) OPTIMUM PHYSICAL HEALTH b) OPTIMUM MENTAL HEALTH c) OPTIMUM EMOTIONAL HEALTH. Optimum health is the undividable and balanced combination of all the above. Optimum health cannot lack any of these three basic components. If any of the above basic components are uncultivated or lacking in any degree then irreversible complications arise.

Moving towards optimum health and achieving it, one’s body regains its strength which one was born with in all its three parameters – one reconnects to the umbilical cord of the earth, relies finally on one’s own powers, becomes physically sturdy, psychologically stable and with a boundless spirit – and which powers when one remembers to use to the fullest, will enable one to visualize one’s role and actual size inside the super-organism of Gaia and hence the universal super-organism and thus to understand and give meaning to life .

OPTIMUM physical health is the condition in which the body as a whole and each subsystem separately (respiratory, nervous, circulatory, digestive, etc.), is based and balances on three stable, strong and unshakable foundations, a) DIET, the “fuel” materials used by the body to build up its cells, tissues, muscles, etc., b) EXERCISE, which is the function and cooperation of the body subsystems, robustness, building the “house ” in which one resides, immunity and finally c) REST, recovering of the subsystems, muscle relaxation, oxygenation, relaxation, sleep, etc.

Moving towards conquering optimum physical health, the body remembers capabilities such as energy storage, resilience to weather conditions, resistance to pain, power, resilience to force, aerobic fitness, self-healing, resistance to viruses and diseases, temperature maintenance, quick recovery from hurt, diseases, (skills) which, when the body remembers to use to the fullest, will be able to prevent and respond to easily, quickly and above all effectively situations such as cramps, scars, bruises, acne, dizziness, headaches, drowsiness, upset stomach, hemorrhoids, insomnia, appendicitis, ulcers, arthritis, gall, heart problems, heart attacks, viruses, injuries, fractures, lacerations of muscles, constipation, obesity, weakness, asthma, ear infections, infections, anemia, leukemia, cancers etc.

OPTIMUM mental health is the state in which the mind as a whole and each process separately (ideas, thoughts, solutions, theories, ability to combine, etc.), are based and equilibrate on three stable, strong and unshakable bases, a) MEMORY, knowledge, information, experiences, reading, listening, personal discoveries, theories and experiences, etc., b) CREATIVITY, the mood to create, imagination, the ability to take a bit of “nothing” and turn it into “something”, understanding multilevel meanings, the traveler’s way of thinking, fiction, cognitive gates to imaginary worlds, humor, dreams about the future and the personal way to materialize them, etc. and finally c) LOGIC, critical thinking, explaining, understanding of a principle and a conclusion, the sequence of things, justification, data and the objective, etc.

Moving towards and conquering optimum mental health, the mind remembers skills such as planning, insight, communication, honesty, curiosity, inquisitiveness, resilience to hard truths (that hurt), balancing emotions (that hurt), (skills) which, when the mind remembers to use at the fullest, will be able to prevent and respond to easily, quickly and above all effectively situations such as, logical problems, deception, boredom, untidiness, mistaken estimates, wrong choices, dilemmas, difficult positions, grumpiness, stupidity, despair etc

OPTIMUM emotional health is the state in which the soul and each journey separately (one’s being, the memories one creates, the five senses), are based and equilibrate on three stable, strong and unshakable bases, a) COURAGE, the boldness, the will that comes from within, the superhuman effort, the energy that transcends ourselves, the heroic psychology, etc., b) CONCIOUSNESS, perception of the surroundings, perception of the subconscious environment, the psychological environment, understanding of options and their extensions before their consequences appear, etc. and c) SENTIMENT, the interaction of human souls, understanding the energies surrounding situations, the ability to sense other people’s mental loads / constraints, etc.

Moving towards optimal psychological health and achieving it, the mind remembers abilities such as clairvoyance, intuition, hopefulness, love, patience, courage, confidence, freedom, resilience to harsh realities (that hurt), communication with self, etc., (skills) which, when one remembers to use well, will enable one to prevent and respond to easily, quickly and above all effectively such situations as, separations, farewells, deaths of loved ones, jealousy, cowardness, anxiety, stress, dilemmas, inconsistency, nervousness  alienation, despair, insensitivity, etc.

The human mind, the human soul and the human body, build up cells every day, they live and breathe every day, feel, sense and get filled with experiences every day. We have a biological clock that depends on the environment (day, night, organic needs, etc.), and WITHOUT CHOOSING we follow certain processes (digestion, maintenance, creation, reproduction, defense, energy storage and consumption, movement, oxygenation, muscle function , sleep, regeneration, relaxation of the muscles and the digestive and nervous systems, emotions, creativity, thought, conception, joy, love, etc.) every moment. So the body, the mind and the soul function in a certain way, regardless if we know all our skills physically, mentally and emotionally, whether we chose or not. There is a specific reason why we have a fever, why we have blackouts every time we get up suddenly from a chair, why we get sick, there is a specific reason that breaks our heart when we lose love, when our liver blackens from unhappiness. Unfortunately we make our choices and we have come to conclusions about everything, according to the environment we live, which in turn is not permanent, not based on solid foundations and is pre-selected before us, for us. Apart from what we are used to and beyond the advice of “experts”  beyond the fact that we feel bad and we blame others for our choices physically, mentally and emotionally, we could just stand back a bit and listen to our body, our mind and our soul. We have to become friends with our “being” so that we can be friends both with nature that gives us life and with other people..

INTRODUCTION. Clarifications. Is it possible for a group of people (family, school, organization, society, people etc) to function without even one democratic mechanism of decision-making and the people who are forming the group shall manage the environmental resources ethically? Is it possible to make decisions concerning our environment and us without relying on biased / influenced opinions and our non-holistic point of view? Is it possible a decision or choice of a group to remain unaffected by the ideas, convictions and personal “beliefs” of its members? Can the temperament of a group remain unshakeable in front of important decisions that imply not only with organization and development, but also with feelings, ideas, life decisions, etc.?

The scientific method as a term, usually relates to science, theories, practices and experiments carried out in order to explain reliably, among others, the phenomena of life, society, environment, and the existence of living organisms. Indicatively some of the key- steps of the implementation of the scientific method which concern, not only sophisticated scientific researches, but as well everyday situations and processes (constructions, human relationships, health, etc.), are:

-          the collection of all available information and practical knowledge concerning the subject

-          the distinction of the person from the subject under consideration

-          the documentation of the available information

-          Maintaining an “open mind” for feedback and improvement and even change of a decision concerning the subject under consideration.

In this text, however, we are not examining the scientific method itself under the prism of science – there are experts for this- but we provide a description of its use as a method of decision making.

TO THE POINT. In practice. Plainly as a methodology, the scientific method can be relatively easy to implement as a method of making choices and decisions in our everyday life even for issues that concern human relations or/ and social principles. A precondition for this is that the foundation, the means for achieving these goals- either personal, familiar of collective- are crystal clear to all members of each group, relationship, research, business, project, community etc. Only in this case the implementation of scientific methodology for the decision making can cover the huge gap that is created by our personal beliefs that are influenced by our living environment, our unavailing ego and the endless stubbornness of people who do not know what they do not know.

In this way, the scientific method, with proper adjustments, is becoming a very efficient tool for finding solutions and avoiding collisions, a methodology of thinking, observation and data and situational approaching, which really helps in avoiding and not repeating mistakes. A basic prerequisite of each action/ choice/ decision which occurs from the implementation of this methodology is to fulfil certain conditions or criteria that are related to each specific environment – human, natural, social etc- to which it is addressed and which are selected by the persons that are going to implement the methodology.

Starting from the basics, we should identify the frame in which the SM should be used as a way of decision-making. We should define very clearly who we are (self- awareness and self- reliance, competences, passion, character, courage, boldness, conscience, interdependence with the environment etc), where we are (current economic and social status, urban or other environment, resources and obligations etc), where we want to go (goals, dreams and beliefs, virtues and qualities, vision for the future) and how we will get there (social and environmental ethics, means and tools we want to use etc). As soon as these are defined, we can proceed to the definition of the criteria that are going to found the implementation of the scientific methodology for decision-making

As an example we can mention some criteria that have been practically proven to give qualitative results in research and development of projects or activities that concern and target (among others) self sufficiency and resource-based economy. Of course, everyone is free to add, remove or change these criteria upon the issue of discussion and the importance of the criteria that concern the given situation.

  • Quantitative impact: (how many people are served by this specific solution/ idea/ choice/ decision),
  • Qualitative impact: (how important is the implementation of the solution/ idea/ choice/ decision and how deeply is going to affect people in their living conditions),
  • Time frame: (how feasible is the implementation and application of the solution/ idea/ choice/ decision within a reasonable time frame),
  • Difficulty of the achievement: (how simple, as to its implementation, is the solution/ idea/ choice/ decision and what is the predicted cost in resources such as man-hours, money, environment, energy, etc),
  • Duration in timeο: (what is the lifetime of this solution/ idea/ choice/ decision)

Finally, when combining the steps of the scientific methodology, changing or removing some steps that concern specific/ sophisticated science researches and, based on the previous mentioned examples, we can have a simplified form of scientific methodology in decision making both in personal as well as in social level, which (the form) can filter the facts taking under consideration the above mentioned criteria which, in our example/ case shall serve for the creation and evolution of a self-sufficient human society – despite its size- with respect to the environment and the fellowman. A general, simplified form could be summarized in the following:

  1. Define the subject, κmaking clear and understood by everyone what exactly we need to discuss, process and define our current (where we are) and objective (where we want to go) situation.
  2. Detect, collect and analyze all the facts, ideas, experiences and practical knowledge we have gathered up to that moment on the subject.
  3. Check/ confirm our sources, and filter information that can not be checked, that do not rely on actual knowledge or eyewitness, that cannot be testified/ do not constitute a norm, as well as data that do not influence the subject.
  4. Detect solutions/ decisions that exist on the subject under discussion.
  5. Implement one by one all the chosen (by a person or a group) criteria, aiming to complete the solution/ decision that fulfils our criteria the most efficient way
  6. Decide or choose the solution/ idea that is the first on our above formed list
  7. Analyze and plan our solution/ decision if necessary, implement the solution theoretically and confirm the needs in resources, time, tools etc. Redesign if necessary
  8. Implement our solution/ decision
  9. Ask and offer direct feedback when new data, practical knowledge, people or resources occur, which can influence directly our decision/ solution

It is very important to remember that the scientific method is a methodology that is as effective as the way it is used and its results in practice are of such quality as the quality of our selected/ applied criteria. The methodology cannot make choices for us, nor can it be 100% correct. It is always in the person’s/ group’s hand not only to be clear regarding the targets and means, not only choosing and keeping the qualitative criteria for the decision making, but to maintain all their perceptions/ senses open to new information and new data that may change a choice.

CONCLUSION. Food for thought. If we remove ourselves from our egoistic mood and keep only our will for human and social evolution in all levels, if we accept that knowledge and information are already there before we got acquainted with them and they will remain there even if we forget them (unlike our personal beliefs which change depending on the day, the hour, the mood, the environment, our feelings) and if we accept that all the data that are issued the moment of the decision from images/ideas/ books/ discoveries/ experiences/ knowledge/ technology etc is an endless evolution of information and human knowledge through centuries, and not our achievement, then it becomes clear that the above mentioned steps and thoughts are dealing not only with decisions but with every new thing that occurs in our way, and we can distinguish that finally every decision we make as a person/ group/ project/ family/ nation/ race etc is simply, another peak-point in a constant line of evolution. In other words, when we realize ourselves (who am I?), our environment (where am I?), our target (where am I going?) and our journey (how am I going there?), then we can deduct/ remove the veil of the word “decision” and see the EVOLUTION that is happening, despite if we are making a “decision” for ourselves, for the group, or for the whole planet.

The determinant is that as long as we see it as a decision, the more inclined we are to pettiness, egoism, opinion and feelings that can be misleading. Whilst, when we see it as evolution, our mind remains clear and we take under consideration the facts of an issue, making clear not only the possible developments but also the conditions, the consequences etc.

To make a decision it doesn’t necessarily means that we are ready for the evolution that will occur. Whilst, on the contrary, an evolution which is becoming visible and ready to occur, will not wait for anyone’s decision in order to take place! Someone should make the decision, whilst on the contrary, when all the parameters agree (do not conflict) and when the preconditions are fulfilled, the evolution is coming by itself/ happening independently and is simply inevitable.
In civil engineering and architecture, construction is the building or assembling of infrastructures. It’s a complex procedure that comprises of multiple tasks and it is normally supervised by a foreman, civil engineer or architect. In order to successfully complete a project, effective design is of utmost importance.

Some of the issues that must be taken under consideration when designing and building an infrastructure are: correct planning, security, budget, environmental impact, available resources, preparation of documents etc. The project Telethrion will be carried out using various eco-friendly methods with a low impact on the environment.

Binishells: Using low air pressure to elevate and shape reinforced concrete into a light shell these “green” structures are fast to build, strong, versatile and can be used as houses, schools, gyms, commercial buildings, low cost housing, emergency shelters and in many other cases.

Εκτός του ότι είναι εγγενής «πράσινες» κατασκευές, τα binishell είναι γρήγορα στην κατασκευή, δυνατά και ευέλικτα και μπορούν να κατασκευαστούν σε μία άπειρη ποικιλία σχημάτων. Μπορούν να χρησιμοποιηθούν για τα πάντα από υψηλής ποιότητας κατοικίες, σχολεία, γυμναστήρια, εμπορικά κτήρια, χαμηλού κόστους κατοικίες, καταλύματα έκτατης ανάγκης και σε μία τεράστια ποικιλία από άλλες τυπολογίες.

Cob: Modern natural construction and sustainability movements have revived this cost-effective building material made of clay, sand, hay, water and earth. It is resistant to fire and earthquakes and it can be used to create artistic sculpted designs.

Yurt: This is a modern adaptation of the ancient shelter used by Central Asian nomads for centuries. The compact shape of the yurt and combination of lightweight members in tension and compression mean that the structure is highly efficient in maximizing strength while minimizing the use of materials.

The Yurt is a lightweight, low-cost, state-of-the-art version that retains the sense of wholeness of the ancient form while delivering the structural integrity, longevity and low maintenance demanded by modern users.

Though generally classified as a tent, the yurt is much stronger and weathertight. It is a circular structure that consists of a durable fabric cover, tension band and a wood frame that includes a lattice wall, radial rafters, central compression ring and a framed door.

Eco-Domes: Built from local earth-filled bags these buildings are tree free and can be built by a team of 3-5 persons. They maximize use of space through alternative options and can be repeated and joined together to form larger homes and other buildings.

Designed with the sun, shade and wind for passive cooling and heating, they make room for solar energy and radiant heating to be incorporated. Also interior furniture can be built-in with same material.

Geodesic Domes: A geodesic dome is a spherical or partial-spherical shell structure or lattice shell based on a network of great circles (geodesics) on the surface of a sphere. The geodesics intersect to form triangular elements that have local triangular rigidity and also distribute the stress across the structure. When completed to form a complete sphere, it is a geodesic sphere. A dome is enclosed, unlike open geodesic structures such as playground climbers.

Domes enclose the largest volume of interior space with the least amount of surface area thus saving on materials and cost and offering maximum stability. They are energetically efficient structures – preserving heat, minimizing solar load and maximizing wind resistance and snow load distribution. Plus, they are a treat for the eye!

Bio-Architechture

Architecture is the art and science of building a space – from an object, such as a piece of furniture, a room, a building, a complex of buildings, to a whole city. Architects use art, science and technology to shape the way we interact with buildings and cities, by designing a beautiful environment that is also structurally and acoustically correct and serves all the needs of the people using it.  An Architect is a professional who offers his services to people and companies who wish to design and build something. These services include: initial conversations on the needs and possible construction sites, design creation, preparation of necessary documents – drawings, models and details – and supervision of the construction.

Green building (also known as sustainable building) is the practice of building structures and using procedures that are friendly to the environment and efficient in terms of resources: from a building’s construction and operation, all the way through to its maintenance, refurbishment and demolition. This practice is a modern addition to the traditional construction issues such as economy, usability, durability and comfort.

While new technologies continuously enhance modern practices in the creation of greener buildings, the common goal remains to design green buildings in a way that minimizes the building’s impact on human health and the environment. To achieve this, modern practices strive to:

  • Make efficient use of energy, water and other resources
  • Protect the wellbeing of inhabitants and promote worker efficiency
  • Reduce waste, pollution and environmental degradation

Natural building, although not so widely practiced, has similar goals. It uses only local natural resources. Other practices include sustainable design and green architecture.

Green building is not restricted to simply renovating existing buildings.

Construction methods and materials

The materials we are going to use will be light, durable and fire resistant. No brominated flame retardants (BRFs) will be used. The outer walls will serve as photovoltaic panels, transforming sunlight into electricity for heating, cooling and other needs.

Carbon Negative Cement

This method of cement manufacturing uses the carbon dioxide produced in mainstream cement manufacturing methods, trapping inside the cement mixture. The concrete is made out of cement, sand, water and stone, which make it strong and flexible, reducing, at the same time, the carbon footprint.

Aerogel

Aerogel, manufactured through the Sol-Gel procedure, is a revolutionary material that can be used in thermal insulation. With a higher insulation value than any other known material, it is the same material used in spaceships. Aerogel is now commercially available to use in buildings and modern energy systems. In most cases, heat is transferred through the nails on the walls. Aerogel insulation prevents this thermal bridging. The material comes in adhesive strips that can be easily applied. It is resistant to humidity, durable and supports energy saving.

Energy saving soundproof glass

“Windows are the main culprit for loss in energy, heat and cooling in buildings. By significantly increasing the R value for energy performance, windows can achieve the necessary saving in heat and cooling and become a great investment towards an energy saving home.” We aspire to use energy-efficient glass that will preserve heat and cooling as needed. These glass panels are also soundproof. You can read more about this technology on SeriousWindowsandQuietRock

Soundproofing

We are planning to conduct a serious study on soundproofing options. Those of you who live in noisy neighborhoods or suffer from the loud city noises will much appreciate our efforts. Just like with what you taste, what you hear and smell should also be your choice

Memory Metals

We are going to use memory metals as much as possible. These metals can be compressed into cubes of up to one fraction of their original size, and then return to their original size and form with the application of heat. This enables more effective transportation of preconstructed building parts.

Carbon Nanotubes

These miracles of nature are made of single carbon atoms in a cylindrical order. The cylindrical surface is one atom thick, has a diameter of 50 atoms and length up to billions of atoms. These atoms are bound to each other with the strength of diamonds but have the flexibility of optical fibers. These fibers are thinner than human hair. Carbon nanotubes are stronger and lighter than steel. Possible future uses of this technology are indestructible cars and buildings as well as super-light airplanes.

According to ancient wisdom, the world was created in such a manner, as to reflect in its very structure the secret of a cosmic and planetary harmony that is revealed in the connection between matter and spirit. By fully understanding this harmony, one can discover the key to experiencing the inner essence of all, the cohesion of existence, the knowledge that all is one and relative in terms of time and space. The wisdom of this certainty led the sages to embrace matter and spirit as one, bridging the natural with the transcendental, so that their essence may be conceived as consciousness in any given situation or event. A sage was a scientist, an astronomer, an astrologer and a priest.   Science and spirituality used to be one. But the effort of science to order and conquer the material world, on one hand, and the misleading beliefs of religion on the right way to live, on the other, led to the polarization of this oneness. Thus, knowledge drifted away from wisdom, creating the duality in which our modern culture is plunged. In the eyes of religion, matter is an opposing evil, while science denies the intricate inner spheres of reality.

Religions all around the world attest that, if there is such a thing as salvation, it may be achieved somewhere in the sky after the physical passing, or in some kind of nirvanic void, either way in some place outside the world we live in. This world theory stripped religion from the right to guide evolution, leaving science as the sole official scribe and guardian of the history of the world. The new guardian introduced the rigid, deterministic Newtonian-Cartesian paradigm, bringing science and spirituality even further apart and creating the image of a world with no deeper meaning, where human life is experienced through constructed models.

This disregard towards the essence of things has led to the pollution of our environment, the downgrade of our quality of life and all the social problems we are facing nowadays, which are physical manifestations of the imbalance our world is experiencing. Humanity is going through an important time, when change is of the essence. For this age to become a milestone in human history, the cosmological paradigm must change, the human consciousness must be reborn and the knowledge that essence and structure are one must be restored.

Since science incessantly seeks to find a unified theoretical base to describe and interpret nature, it does offer us the opportunity to understand the world through the idea of interrelation and interaction of all things. The scientific method gives the tools to build a more consistent world model, and by doing so leads science closer to the foundations of reality..

Therefore, as new scientific theories introduce the element of consciousness into the scientific equation, the resulting scientific discoveries overthrow the mechanistic approach, to make room for various new theories on the nature of matter. Today, the two dominant theoretical models attempting to describe the world are the theory of relativity, which studies the macrocosm, and quantum physics, which study the microcosm on sub-atomic level. But, when sciences recognize the apparent – an image that goes through constant change according to the principle of uncertainty – as being real, they fail to realize the greater, all-encompassing truth that is the consciousness that permeates the whole sphere of creation.

Ken Wilber calls us to combine consciousness, inwardness, awareness (observation in a wider sense) and science (the empirical research that is based on evidence that can be recreated), in a “theory of everything”/”cognitive science”. In the age of information we live in, there is no excuse for ignorance. Free will, the ability to choose, allows us to create a life that leads to further development of humankind in harmony with nature. It is our duty to make sound and responsible decisions.

Spirituality seeks awareness of self; the deep realization of the essence and the value of things. Diving in the pool of causes and values of life and existence, it looks for the reality behind the obvious. It is not a religion. It is something different from the known religious dogmas; it does not come from or belong to any one people, culture or group of enlightened men. It is separate and independent of values, but it creates the capability of having values.

By individually searching the answers of basic philosophical and existential issues, by understanding and keeping in touch with the present moment, by cultivating the belief that we are parts of a larger whole, by accepting and practicing values such as “anything I consciously own, I must also give”, and finally by spreading love and living every day with joy, one starts building the foundations of his own spirituality.

Collective change can only come through individual change;

and the path to that goes through spiritual awakening, namely the realization that all is one, that it is an illusion to believe we are separate from each other, the environment, the universe. By believing in our technology and using it to its full potential – without fear or prejudice – as well as by spiritually understanding existence, we can achieve a conjoining way of thinking, viewing, understanding and acting. We can break free from materialism, self-interest and greed, egotism, and dependence on authority.

Most importantly, true spirituality demands growth and acceptance from our part of the responsibility of our life and our actions, simply because through the means of our knowledge (as product of research and information) we can decide and choose what is best for our lives.

The sooner this spirituality awakening takes place and spreads, the more reasonable, peaceful, productive and cooperative our society will become.

Symbiosis is the effort to produce the best result for mankind and the natural environment, so much in the present, as well in the indefinite future. The basic element for symbiosis is the balance between production and raw materials (necessary for achieving production). The goal of sustainable processes is to achieve the most production with the least amount of waste.

The Environment Today Environment is a sum of factors, Biotic and Abiotic, and the interaction between them. Biotic are all organisms that live on earth (including: plants, decomposers and people) while Abiotic refers to the climate conditions (the temperature, humidity, sunshine, the composition of the ground, the saltiness of the water, the availability of minerals and so on). Ecology is the science that studies each and every one of these factors, and their interactions and is a combination of other sciences, such as chemistry, physics, and tools such as mathematics, information technology etc. The combination of these factors, which we call the ecosystem is an extended chain of factors, and a complex structure, which may collapse at any time, if any of the factors weakens, no matter how small and unimportant it might seem. Ecosystems however have the ability of adaptation and self-healing. Which means that if any part of it is damaged or disturbed, it tends to reset, which may falsely create the idea that nature is taking revenge. Nature tends to restore its balance in any way and usually chooses the easiest and most efficient way even if that means the vanishing of many species, desertification of large areas. We can easily conclude that we don’t need to restore the environment, because it knows how to restore itself better than we could ever. The only thing that is required from us is the minimization of human impact, and this can be achieved in many ways.

The most important ones being:

  • Today our main source of energy consumption is generated by fossil fuels, which produce dangerous byproducts, and have a low efficiency ratio. We could use alternative & renewable sources of energy, such as solar, Aeolic, tidal, geothermal, biomass and others, which are plentiful and non-impermanent, and create non-polluting byproducts, to no byproducts.
  •  Currently solid waste is either incinerated, or is lead to landfills. This management has huge effects on the environment, such as the creation of polluting smog (from the process of incineration) or the pollution of the subsoil. The only way to reduce the impact, is to reduce the waste that we produce in order to regain material for further use. Some waste (mostly packaging) like paper, aluminum and glass there are recycling centers. Organic waste (like food) can be composted, which means they are decomposed and then re-introduced in the soil as nutrients. Also there are new materials which are constantly being developed and designed to be re-used with a simple procedure.
  •  The most common structuring materials are mainly reinforced concrete, and ceramic bricks. These materials are used mostly due to their large resistance to wear and tear, however they are also responsible for absorbing a large part of the Carbon Dioxide, and Oxygen from the atmosphere as well as polluting the subsoil, increase in the temperature of cities and others. Instead of this method buildings and structures could be built with natural materials and ecological insulation, and through careful bioclimatic design can have the same durability, and use less energy if they are lighted and ventilated naturally. Also on the buildings that are already standing, there could be ecological intervention such as green roofs, where the roofs of buildings are covered with dirt and flora, ecological insulation, organic paint etc.

It is necessary to get acquainted with the environment that we are part of, and not act against it, just taking care of our survival and prosperity

It is necessary to learn to live in harmony, with our environment without affecting it. Sooner or later we will have to live with the consequences.

There are many ways for this to happen, as long as we realize the necessity of change

It is not man’s responsibility to save the environment, nor to destroy it. It is man’s responsibility to live symbiotically and in harmony with it!

Sociology is often defined as “The study of society, the human social interaction”. This field studies the social structures, cognitive as well as materialistic. An example of Cognitive Social Structure is the institutional foundation of religion and how its’ function affects collective conscience.

For example, Pro-life Christians share the belief that human “life” is a unique element of nature and that it is wrong to kill an unborn. At the same time, the monetary system, which is based on competition, has advocates who promote ideas like how competition is the most productive social condition humans could adopt. On the other hand, Materialistic social structures are obvious and exist as companies and governments, each having a strong effect on society. Of course, the entirety of materialistic social structures also has to do with the cognitive sphere of influence, as it always involves an ideology. Now, a major sociological matter has to do with “Human Nature” and its’ influence on a collective level. For example, most people are taught that we are competitive by nature, along with the belief that social stratification or hierarchy is also a “natural human tendency”.

This is a fraud. If we take, for example, a pride of lions, we might observe a social hierarchy and violent competition, in most cases related to food. This comparison leads people to believe that the former is common ground among human societies (war, greed, egotism, etc). Ηowever, the environmental conditions are overlooked in each and every case. The pride of lions lives in a poor environment, with scarcity of food and without the ability to set traps for it. Lions have to hunt and fight each other. This creates a natural competition, because lions, in order to survive, OUGHT TO be aggressive with each other. Hence, the developing hierarchy is beneficial to the strongest, which dominates in a class-like manner. The exact same can be seen in human societies. Humans have been living in deprivation since the beginning of their history. However, with the passing of time, we became more and more “civilized”, thanks to our ability to create. Opposite to lions, humans can make tools and think themselves out of chores and problems, reducing deprivation.

Given this “insight”, we come to the conclusion that, in a primary level, if deprivation could be eliminated, then human behaviour would undergo a dramatic change, and would be driven away from competition, control and social stratification. Similarly, obsolete ideologies which cannot withstand changes that happen throughout the years, like theistic religions, reproduce the myth that humans/societies are made in a specific way. For example, Catholic ideology argues that humans are born sinful. This is absurd, outdated and is based on primitive understanding of human behaviour. There is no difference between a baby Gandhi and a baby Hitler… it’s the environment that forms each person, and consequently society, and vice versa. Therefore, the real Sociological change will come as a result of the removal of the causes of society-infectious aberrant behaviour. Prisons, police and laws are patches which, in reality, only worsen the situation. In the end, redesigning of our civilization will be needed in order to change human behaviour for the better.

ECONOMY The economy (the ways people use the environment to satisfy their materialistic needs) mainly aims for the optimal distribution of resources. Εconomics principally has to do with the economical choices οf states, companies and people. Everyday contemplation and logic show us that the economy determines our way of living (source:Wikipedia). This can be clearly seen in the society we now live in, as people pay more attention in the economical news and the way these affect their lives. It is clear how money affects our lives, if one looks at the fruits of the economic crisis and the fear-mongering that accompanies it.

Money has managed to take on such an important part in our lives ever since man started to use a pricing system to influence the distribution of products. This was the initial purpose for which societies began molding valuable metals into coins, while modern societies use more alternative means, like checks, credit cards, stocks, etc. So, excluding isolated and primitive communities, all modern societies use pricing to distribute goods. All the aforementioned are called market economics, which consist the method used by markets to define the price of a product according to supply and demand. Money is vital in this model, in order to realize this exchange of resources. Basically, even the exchange of goods (barter) without the existence of another medium such as money, belongs to market economics.

As noted in Wikipedia ( Wikipedia, economy) the current economic situation is called Super-Capitalism which is applied in parallel to oligarch and plutocrat regimes of western societies. On the other hand, suggestions have been made for non-market economics, where we meet methods that study the production, exchange and distribution of products through mechanisms that do not relate to the market, consequently depriving money of all sense and applicability within such systems. It is wise at this point to talk about Green economy, which is an economy that takes into consideration the very fact that resources are not endless, and their use ought to be “sensible” and balanced, while at the same time it is important that a product’s entire life cycle gets considered, from production to recycling. Given that the natural environment cannot be a recipient of production waste, this can be included in the sustainable circle of green economy activities.

The goal of green economy is a cleaner environment. The crisis that struck the global economy in the end of the first decade of century XXI, poses a clear need for the economy on which our society relies today to evolve. The solution we recommend is an economy based on natural resources which uses the existing goods, but not the trade. All products and services are accessible without the use of money, exchange or any other means of credit. A product’s cycle will be based on the Green economy, therefore there will be a full harmonization with nature in order to reduce the environmental disasters to the minimum.

Technology in transportation Transportation is an ultimate use of energy and consumes the most oil on Earth.This creates air pollution, which consists of nitrous oxides and other particles and is a leading factor to the greenhouse effect due to the carbon dioxide emissions. This is why it is of utmost importance that the transportation, within or outside a community, is managed through clean and renewable sources. This means a greater use of manpowered, electric and maximum efficiency transportation vehicles.

Almost all of it could happen through personal means of transfer for short distances.

This could be either through bikes that move with electricity or manually.

In addition, small electric vehicles can be used or even vehicles that work with hydrogen cells or air. These vehicles will vary in size, from one-seated (segway) to multiple-seated with ample storage space.

As the community grows, other methods of transportation will of course be examined.

Technology and Waste Managment

Inside the community, garbage will be reduced to the minimum. Usage of new waste management technology, biodegradable packaging materials and the use of devices and furniture that have a long lifespan will help keep garbage to the minimum. Products that do not have a scheduled “expiry date” (planned obsolescence) are key to putting a stop to the irrational continuous consumption and disposal of goods. Organic raw materials will be turned into fertilizer and returned to earth for its reinforcement. When this is not possible, there will be application of Integrated Waste Management.

Integrated Waste Management is a system of garbage disposal which includes the separation of materials depending on their type and follows the discovery of their better usage; it does not include their deposition to a landfill for a so-called “hygienic” burial.

Waste management is a complex procedure, because it includes many different technologies and technology sectors.These consist of technologies that are related to production (including source reduction), onsite handling and storage, collection, transfer, processing and disposal of garbage.

All these procedures need to be accomplished inside the existing social, legal and environmental context on public health protection and to be aesthetically and financially acceptable inside the margins proposed by the community.

Energy is one of the most important parts in a community.

In an eco-community, the key solution is renewable or ‘green’ power sources. This kind of energy can be produced by natural procedures, like sunlight, wind, rain, tides, and geothermal power.

Our project will implement many new technologies which use sunlight, wind, tidal & geothermal energy to produce clean energy.

Moreover, further research is being applied to find new forms of environmental-friendly energy, like smart panels, hydrogen cell power and others.

Smart panels

Smart panels are placed in busy pass-ways, like a pavement.

Pavegen tiles harvest kinetic energy, the force that pedestrian have with their weight and it is converted to usable energy (electric). This transmutation is called piezoelectricity (power produced by applied mechanical force).

Tidal Power

Tidal power, also called tidal energy, is a form of hydropower that converts tide force into electricity or other useful forms of power. Tidal power is produced by rotation of Earth, sun and moon that interact through a gravitational effect. Sea level and tidal streams change by attraction exerted from sun, moon and Earth rotation.

Tidal power is practically inexhaustible as a renewable energy source. Recent achievements on turbine technology indicate that the total availability of tidal power may be much higher.

Solar power

Solar energy is radiation and heating that are generated by the sun. It is the biggest part of renewable energy on Earth. Solar energy can be extracted either by heating appliances or using photovoltaic cells. When sunlight is converted to energy, uses are limited only by human activity. Some examples of solar-powered applications are heating and cooling spaces through bioclimate architecture (specific solar), distillation and decontamination of water in order to be potable, daylight exploitation to light houses, hot water, heating energy for cooking other high temperature processes for industrial use.

Solar technology is characterized active or passive, depending on how sunlight is captured, converted and distributed. Active technology uses photovoltaic cells or other solar collectors (with electric or mechanical equipment) to convert sunlight into usable energy. Passive solar technology includes solar building orientation, the choice of thermal mass material and rooms designed for natural ventilation.

Geothermal Energy

Geothermal is energy generated and stored in the Earth. This geothermal power derives from the original formation of the planet, from radioactive, decay of minerals and absorption of solar energy on Earth’s surface. Since 2007, global geothermal stations have the facility to produce 10GW.

Geothermal power is affordable, credible and environmentally friendly but it has been limited in areas near to tectonic plates. Latest technological achievements have expanded the range and size of sustainable resources, specific for uses like houses, heating, giving more chances to exploit it.

Geothermal wells release greenhouse gases trapped deep within the Earth but these emissions are much lower per energy unit than those of fossil fuels. Consequently, geothermal power has the potential to help mitigate global warming if widely deployed in place of fossil fuels.

Wind Energy

Wind energy converts the power caused by wind in a useful form of energy as electricity, using wind turbines. At the end of 2008, global wind-turbine energy peaked at 121,2 gigawatts(GW). In 2008, wind power generated 1,5% of global electricity used energy and this percentage is growing at a fast pace, while during the three latest years among 2005 and 2008 has doubled.

Since May 2009, 80 countries all over the world produce wind power for commercial use. Large scaled wind parks are connected with power station while smaller ones are used to provide electricity to remote areas. Public companies buy more and more electricity from homeowner individual turbines.

Wind power as alternative to fossil fuels is abundant, renewable, widely distributed, clean and produces no green house emissions.

Soon the text about the research on education will be available in english

Permaculture (can also mean permanent spiritual cultivation) is a design system that aims to develop sustainable human settlements compatible with nature’s designs.

The English word «Permaculture», used internationally, coined by Australians Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in the 70s as an abbreviation of “permanent culture” (permanent agriculture) and “permanent civilization” (permanent spiritual cultivation). In Greek the same pun cannot be used therefore those words are used whole: Permanent agriculture and culture, but usually for simplicity reasons the word “culture” is omitted. However, the word culture in Greek also means” poring over and dedicating time and interest in the study and development of a science, an art, etc.: ~ of letters / lyric poetry. || Spiritual~, development of intellectual abilities. A person with / without ~, spiritual cultivation. b. Developing a certain ability through the proper exercise: ~ of the voice / judgment / good taste. “Hence, the term “permanent culture” can have a dual significance that is also the english term Permaculture has.

The supporters of permanent crop cultivation believe that they are experimenting with something which is greatly important for the future of the planet. Permaculture is a system for food production and land use and design communities. It has a holistic way of thinking. Therefore, accordingly, a community of people wishing to become sustainable should combine many elements. Some of these are: ecology, topography, organic farming, architecture, forestry, green economy and social systems. The focus is more to the relations between them, rather than to each element separately. One main practice of permaculture is observation.

Its supporters say that by observing a place, one can learn a lot not only about the cycle of nature and of the specific natural system but also obtain a general information that could be used in other parts of the planet.

The central idea of permaculture is that there isn’t an autonomous process in nature, not even between whole ecosystems. From the sun and the process of photosynthesis in plants to the bee and mushroom, there is a network of interaction of life in nature. The bet of Permaculture is to create communities where this cycle continues uninterrupted by human intervention but also it can offer food and shelter to humans.

For example, in a greenhouse we can put hens and plants. Chickens produce heat and keep the greenhouse warm, without machines. Some plants offer food to the hens. All you need to succeed is just placing the plants at some height.

It is a method of agriculture where no fertilizers or pesticides are being used, nor do we weed out or hoe or plow with machinery the earth. Plus, there is a Fifth Principle, if you might, regarding fruit trees; we don’t even prune them. Of course, we would be downgrading natural farming if we only defined it as an agricultural method. Natural farming is a spiritual path that connects science, religion, philosophy in a unified conception, as they used to be in the past; indivisible.

Natural farming aspires to unite god man and nature. In our days, the method of natural farming has reached its -almost- grandest simplicity. Meaning, we don’t need to plant or plow, we need to perform almost no work. During rain season, before the autumn or spring rains, we do a big mix of seeds, classical trees, fruit trees, vegetables, we roll them in clay soil to protect them from birds and rodents, we throw them on the ground and then watch what nature teaches; every plant will pop where it’s best for it. There’s no need for any human knowledge, any technology.

The instigator of natural farming or the fukuoka technique was Masanobu Fukuoka (1913-2008). He was born in a small rural village at Shikoku island, southern Japan, in 1913. Trained as a microbiologist at his homeland, he began his career as a scientist of the ground, specializing in plant pathology. At the age of 25, he started doubting the wisdom of modern agricultural science. He abandoned his job as a researcher and returned to his family’s farm at Shikoku Island in southern Japan.

From there on, he devoted his life in the development of a unique small scale system of biological farming that needs no hoeing, pesticides, fertilizers or plowing.

The Fukuoka method consists of the simultaneous sowing of woodland trees, bushes, fruit trees, green manure plants, vegetables and grains before the rain season begins. To protect them from birds and rodents, seeds are placed in lumps of clay (seed balls). The lumps are then left for farming/reforestation on the ground.

A year after sowing, from the trees that will pop, only the ones that match to the specific ground and climate conditions will survive. By sowing a great variety of plants, we can ensure that at least some will grow, no matter how bad the conditions. The Fukuoka method is obviously foreign to any use of fertilizers and pesticides, and it doesn’t either see to any processing of the earth, hoeing etc. It aims to facilitate the beginning of the reproduction and growth process by nature itself. The farmer’s goal is to serve nature, to create a fertile ground, to favor the birth of healthy plants.

After the very successful publication of his introductory work “The One-Straw Revolution”, he received invitations to visit the United States in 1979, Europe in 1981, Africa in 1985, where he gave lectures and toured in farms. During the last 25 years, he was traveling in many places of the world and was honored with great distinctions such as the Magsaysay award in Philippines,  the Deshikottan Award in India and the Earth Council Award.

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